All about location of Iran

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Iran and the Iranians  
To visit Iran is a unique experience, the experience, of being in the cradle. Of a civilization and culture that has had and continues to have its impact on the world for more than 2,500 years of written history antiquity versus modernization.
Archaeological studies during the first half of the twentieth century indicate that as early as 10,000 BC, tribes lived on the southern shores of the Caspian, one of the few regions of the world which according to scientists escapes the Ice Age.

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When visiting Iran, one of the lasting impressions on you will be the enormous diversity of ethnic types. These are not to be found in one spot – the airport, for example – but will be seen during your tour of Iran. The majority of Iranian ethnic types are descendants of the Aryan tribes whose origins are lost in the antiquity.

The Kurds. Previously a fierce nomadic people, dwell in the western mountainous regions of Iran. Also inhabiting the western mountainous regions are the semi- nomadic Lurs. Thought to be aboriginal Iranians.

Woman Ethnic Groups

Geography of Iran at a Glance
Iran is the eighteenth largest country in the world, with an area of 1,648,195 km2 (636,372 sq mi). Its area roughly equals that of the United Kingdom, France, Spain, and Germany combined, or somewhat more than the US state of Alaska.

The topography of Iran consists of rugged, mountainous rims surrounding high interior basins. The main mountain chain is the Zagros Mountains, a series of parallel ridges interspersed with plains that bisect the country from northwest to southeast. Many peaks in the Zagros exceed 3,000 metres (9,843 ft) above sea level, and in the south-central region of the country there are at least five peaks that are over 4,000 metres (13,123 ft).

Cities of Iran
Iran is divided into thirty one provinces, each governed by an appointed governor. The provinces are divided into counties, and subdivided into districts and sub-districts.
Iran is subdivided into thirty one provinces, each governed from a local center, usually the largest local city, which is called the capital of that province. The provincial authority is headed by a Governor-General, who is appointed by the Minister of the Interior subject to approval of the cabinet.

Ethnic minorities in Iran

Iran is an ethnically diverse country,and interethnic relations are generally amicable.Persians form the majority of the population. However, historically the terms "Iran" and "Persia" have referred to a confederation of all groups native to the Iranian Plateau, and the speakers of Iranian languages, whether located in Iran or not (e.g. Tajiks, Kurds, Pashtuns, etc.). Therefore, historically, the use of the term "Persian" has included all the various regional dialects and subgroups of Iran.

Ethnicities in Iran

Approximately 75-80% of Iran's peoples speak Iranian languages.The major groups in this category include Persians, Kurds, Gilakis, Mazandaranis, Lurs, Tats, Talyshs and Baluchs. Turkic speakers, such as the Azerbaijani, Turkmen and the Qashqai peoples, comprise a substantial minority. The remainder are primarily Semitics such as Arabs and Assyrians or other Indo-Europeans such as Armenians. There are also small communities of Brahui in southeastern Iran.

Nomad Tribes of Iran 
There are about one and a half million nomads in modern Iran, extending from the border of Turkistan to the warm waters of the Persian Gulf. Most of these tribes, the Kurds, the Lurs, the Bakhtiari, the Guilaks (on the Caspian coast), the Baluchis, are the original invaders who, in the first millennium BC, swept down from Central Asia and settled in various parts of the Iranian Plateau. Most of the tribes of central Iran are from pure Aryan stock. While other tribes such as the Arabs of Khuzestan and Khorassan , the Turkish tribes of Quchan, the Quashqai tribes, the Shahsevan and Afshar Tribes of Azarbaijan and the Turkamans are remnants of races that have passed through Iran at various periods of history.


Transportation in Iran

Transport in Iran is inexpensive because of the government's subsidization of the price of gasoline. The downside is a huge draw on government coffers, economic inefficiency because of highly wasteful consumption patterns, contraband with neighboring countries and air pollution.
Iran has long paved road system linking most of its towns and all of its cities. In 2007 the country had 178,152 km (111,000 mi) of roads, of which 66% were paved. In 2008 there were nearly 100 passenger cars for every 1,000 inhabitants