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Iran History Prehistory of Iran

Written by Super User. Posted in History

Prehistory

Historical classification in Iran,Prehistory

By:S.Matin

reconstruction of Iranian Neanderthal based on Shanidar fossils Zagros Paleolithic Museum

The long prehistoric period in Iran is known to us mainly from excavation work carried out at a few key points that led to the emergence of a chronology of different periods characterized by the production of certain types of pottery, tools and others objects in daily use. Among the main attractions are
Tappeh Stalk, near Kshan, first settled in the fourth millennium BC, Tappeh Giyan near Nehvand and Tappeh Hissar near Dmghan.

The Birth of Cities in Iran: Susa and Elam

Babylonische Quellen erwähnen die Anwesenheit anderer Völker im westlichen Iran zu dieser Zeit, insbesondere die Guti, die Lullubi und die Kassiten. Diese Völker, die in den Gebirgsregionen zwischen den mesopotamischen Ebenen und dem iranischen Hochplateau lebten, kontrollierten viele der Strecken, die diese Gebiete überquerten, insbesondere die Hamedan-Bagdad-Straße, die eine der wenigen natürlichen Wege auf dem Plateau aus dem Westen Krieg. Diese Stämme nutzten die Perioden der Schwäche der babylonischen Macht, um die Siedlungen der Ebene zu stürzen und zu überfallen, und um 2200 v. Chr. Gelang es den Guti sogar, in Babylon einzudringen, war der Fall des Reiches von Akkad verursachte.
Dieser Fall gilt nur für den Fall, dass er nicht in der Lage ist,
Until about the 15th century BC, Elam continues to be strongly influenced by Mesopotamian culture, while gradually developing its own identity. In the 12th century BC, at the height of his glory, Elam defeated Assyria and Babylon, captured by the latter fabulous writings, including the famous code of Hammurabi, now at the Louvre Museum in Paris.

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