Termeh is one of the oldest traditional arts in Iran, this handicraft was woven as handmade. Today silk Termeh with different colors is finding in Yazd Province (Historical city and second ancient city by ranking of UNESCO), in this regard Termeh weaving is the oldest art works. This art is valuable until today because of meaningful designs in the form of flower design demonstrates to bow to God.
The Termeh made in Iran take a lead in comparison with Termeh made in Cashmere, the Cashmere made Termeh is famous for type of cotton of weaving which has been produced by wild goat wool, goat living in Himalaya Mountains, this kind of wool is available for weaver living in Cashmere but Iranian artists use the wool only produced trough the Iran.
The designs, ornaments paintings and decorations are created by digit form in the old days but nowadays it is used Chaharverdi Machine (this machine is used for weaving traditional textile).
Termeh weaving was in good market as of Safavid era in Yazd, today some of sellers are ready to sell this kind of handicraft and cloth through other cities such as Isfahan, Mashhad and Tehran.
Human and animal’s hair called as Sher(Hair) ,sher is kind of cloth which was weaved by Chaharverdi machine , sher weaving in Yazd Province , Isfahan and Silk Sher (Hair) weaving was in good market in Kashan and now is forgetting .
The first stage of weaving Termeh and providing raw material is related to wool producing , washing and dying with herbal colors, spinning. Weaving Termeh needs to good quality wool .
Weaving machine is made by traditional wooden machines in territory of producing the Termeh by industrial developers. This machine is Chaharverdi which moving by pedals bottom of the weaver’s foot. After providing the raw material and weaving , the second stage is to warp .
When the Termeh machine needs a stipular machine , the craftsman located the behind the machine and stipular machine insert above it then they delineate on cloth .
Termeh weaving is more delicate in such a way that every weaver only able to weave 20 to 25 centimeter of cloth.
The colors used for Termeh is red, orange, jujube red, green and black , the design and painting such as flower, trees, Amiri, ribbed ,almond tree ,etc.
Termeh as one of the valuable cloths has a lot consumption , in this regard we can find it in different sizes. Some of its application such as:
1- Type of Termeh in the name of SHAWL CHARGHADI (shawl) in sizes
150*150 , for using as table cloth and bundle.
2- Shal bandi a type of Termeh like vespiary, for using as table cloth
and bundle .
3- Ribbed shawl as width and narrow .
4- Atabak shawl as Termeh made in Cashmere , this kind of Termeh
it was expensive and used for sumptuous dress.
5- Termeh shawl was decorated as flower and hartshorn and used
for dress .
6- Emerald color shawl with green color.
Maintaining the Termeh
- In past
The Termeh is resistant because of warp and woof . light and humidity as two essential factors are effected on cloth and cause to pale of cloth. The black parts are sensitive against light and thermo.
This kind of cloth is sensitive and to be moth eaten , Termeh should keep against moth eaten , for washing we can use any kind of washer material , otherwise using chemical dying it is recommended that using laundry.
IRAN innovates a modern method for producing Termeh so, the cloths are weaving as water proof and anti-stain, this special factor leads to use more than the pasts.