|Arts of Esfahan
Arts of Esfahan The "Esfahan period" covers a span of about 125 years from 1598, when Shah Abbas the Great transferred the Iranian capital to Esfahan, to the city's conquest in 1722 by the Afghans. Without doubt, it is the highest point of Esfahans long, rich history of art.Architecture and art developed in Esfahan on three main levels: the refined, the monumental, and the utilitarian.
Carpets are one of the first artistic handicrafts which have been woven since ancient times in Persia . Iranian Carpets have always been famous all over the world. Almost all international tourists buy even a small Iranian carpet during their trips in Iran. The oldest Persian carpet was found in Siberia , and dates back to 500 years B.C.
At the present time it is preserved under good conditions in Hermitage Museum in Russia (St. Peters Burg).
| The Art of Enamel Work( Minakari)
The art of Minakari or Enamelling is called miniature of fire as well as the decoration of metal and tile with mina glaze. Minakari or Enamelling is the art of painting, colouring and ornamenting the surface of metals by fusing over it brilliant colours that are decorated in an intricate design.
Mina is the feminine form of Minoo in Persian, meaning heaven. Mina refers to the Azure colour of heaven.
| Inlaid Work (Khātam)
Khātam (Persian: خاتم) is a Persian version of marquetry, art forms made by decorating the surface of wooden articles with delicate pieces of wood, bone and metal precisely-cut geometrical shapes. Khatam is also the capital of Khatam County in Iran. Khatam kari (Persian: خاتمکاری) is the art of crafting a Khatam. Common materials used in the construction of inlaid articles are gold, silver, brass, aluminum and twisted wire. Artworks with smaller inlaid pieces are generally more highly valued.
| Engraving (Qalam-Zani)
It’s one of the traditional handicrafts of Iran that its origin goes back to the Sogians period that lived in Caucasus around 5000 to 7000 years ago and had Aryan origins. Engraving is done on different metals such as copper,brass,silver, gold and also some alloys. To engrave, first the back side of the work is covered by tar so as to prevent the work from causing a lot of noise, as well as getting punctured as a result of the hammering.
The Arabic script was adopted in Iran quite soon after the Islamic conquest of AD 642, largely because it was the official script of the new state into which Iran was incorporated.
Calligraphy is the highest art form of the Islamic civilization, and like all forms of art that came into contact with Iran,it was enhanced and developed by the Persians.
| Tile Work
History of tiles (glass tile), manufacture and decoration in Iran, goes back to prehistoric times. It has an important position among the various decorative arts in Iranian architecture. Four main decorations were categorized here. They are masonry work, brickwork, stucco and tiles. The complicated method of manufacture, design and type of materials used in these four methods have evolved as a result of natural factors, economic and political implications.
| Isfahan miniature
Persian miniature is a richly detailed miniature painting representing religious or mythological themes from the Middle East, now known as Iran. The art of miniature painting in Persia flourished from the 13th to the 16th century and continues to this day, with some contemporary artists producing remarkable Persian miniatures. These delicate, lush paintings are typically visually stunning, with a detail level that can only be achieved with a very fine hand and an extremely small brush.