Carpet weaving is undoubtedly one of the most important manifestations of Iranian culture and art, dating back to the Bronze Age, but, like the materials used in carpets such as wool and cotton, have decayed into dust, archaeologists could not make a special discovery during the Bronze Age The archaeological excavations. What remains for us from the early times, as proof of the carpet weaving are nothing more than a few pieces of worn carpets.
Such fragments help in the recognition of the carpet-weaving properties of the pre-Seljuk period (13th and 14th century AD) Not very much. Among the earliest discovered pieces are found in the eastern Turkestan, from the third to fifth century AD And also some of the handicrafts of the mercenaries Kleinasien at the exhibition in the Ala'edin Mosque in Konya and the Ashrafoghlu Mosque in Beyshehir , Turkey. These pieces attracted the attention of the researchers at the beginning of this century, and now they are held in the Museum of Turkish and Islamic Art in Istanbul and the Mowlana Museum in Konya.
In a unique archaeological excavation in 1949, the extraordinary Pazyryk carpet was discovered among the yews of the
Pazyryk Valley, in the Altai Mountains in Siberia. It was discovered in the tomb of a Scythian prince by a group of Russian archaeologists under the supervision of Professor Rudenko. Radiocarbon tests showed that Pazyryk carpet was woven in the 5th century BC. This carpet is 1.83 × 2 meters and has 36 symmetrical knots per cm2. The advanced weaving technique used in the Pazyryk carpet shows a long history of the evolution and experience of this art. Most experts believe that the Pazyryk carpet is the last achievement of at least a thousand years of experience and history.
According to this theory, the art of carpet weaving in Iran is at least 3500 years old. In 1978 the founders of the Carpet Museum Iran founded this museum with a limited number of Persian carpets and kilims to revive the art of carpet weaving in the country and to develop and create a source to satisfy the need for research on the historical
Background and development of this art The carpet museum of Iran with its beautiful architecture and façade, which resembles a carpet weaving loom, is located in the north-west of the Laleh Park in Tehran. It consists of two exhibition galleries with an area of 3400 m2. The floor-to-floor gallery is assigned for permanent exhibitions and the upper floor gallery applies to the temporary exhibitions of carpets, kilims and carpet designs.