The most famous Jewish tomb in Iran
Many of Iran's cities have Jewish tombs or related to Judaism in some way.The most famous of these places are located in cities like Qazvin, Hamadan, Tuyserkan and Isfahan.These include the tomb of Esther and Mordechai in Hamadan, the tomb of Daniel in Susa, the tomb of Habakkuk in Tuyserkan and the mausoleum of Peighambariyeh in Qazvin.
The Persian Jewish or Iranian Jews (Persian: يهوديان ايراني, Hebrew: are Jews historically associated with the Persian Empire, whose successor state is Iran.
Judaism is one of the divine religions mentioned in the Muslim book.And for this reason they have a special place in the history and civilization of Iran.The Jews lived far away from the past with the Persians.Jews have a continuous presence in Iran since the time of Cyrus the Great of the Achaemenid Empire. Cyrus invaded Babylon and liberated the Jews from Babylonian captivity. The history of Jewish immigrants in Iran goes back more than 3,000 years, when they were part of a multi-faith society that included adherents of many other religions.
Right now Iranian Jews have their social rights in Iran,They run religious ceremonies in their synagogues and also have a special representative in the parliament of Iran.
But the most famous Jews tomb in Iran are:
1- The shrine of Habakkuk in Toyserkan:
Habakkuk,was a prophet in the Hebrew Bible. He is the author of the Book of Habakkuk, the eighth of the collected twelve minor prophets.The name Habakkuk, or Habacuc,appears in the Hebrew Bible only in Habakkuk.and in the Masoretic Text,it is written in Hebrew.
The final resting place of Habakkuk has been claimed at multiple locations. The fifth-century Christian historian Sozomen claimed that the relics of Habakkuk were found at Cela, when God revealed their location to Zebennus, bishop of Eleutheropolis, in a dream. Currently, one location in Israel and one in Iran lay claim to being the burial site of the prophet.
A mausoleum southeast of the Tuyserkan town in western Iran is also considered Habakkuk's burial ground. It is protected by the Organization of Cultural Heritage, Crafts and Tourism of Iran.
The surrounding sanctuary may date from the period of the Seljuq Empire (11-12th century); it consists of an octagonal wall and a conical dome. Under the sanctuary is a hidden basement with three floors. In the center of the sanctuary's courtyard is the tomb where Habakuk would be buried. A stone on the tomb is inscribed in Hebrew and Persian indicating that the father of the prophet was Shioua Lovit, and that his mother was Lesho Namit. Muslims and Jews visit it to honor them.
2- Tomb of Esther and Mordechai:
The tomb of Esther and Mordechai is located in Hamadan, Iran. Considered by some to house the remains of Queen Esther Biblical and her cousin Mordechai, it is the most important place of pilgrimage for the Jews of the country.
A Jewish sanctuary in the city of Hamadan, where, according to the Jewish-Persian tradition, Esther and Mordechai are buried. This tradition is not supported by Jews outside Persia and does not appear in the Babylonian Talmuds or the Talmuds of Jerusalem. The first Jewish source on the tombs is Benjamin de Tudela, who visited Hamadan in the year 1067. According to him, there were 50,000 Jews living in Hamadan, where Esther and Mordechai were buried in front of a synagogue. Šāhīn, the first Judeo-Persian source on this tradition, describes the dreams of Esther and Mordechai and their departure to Hamadān, where they died in the synagogue, first Mordechai, then Esther, an hour later. The story of Sāhīn may be based on lost Judeo-Persian sources.
The tomb of Esther and the tomb of Mordechai in Hamadan belonged to the biblical queen Esther and her uncle Mordechai. The current structure has Islamic architectural elements and would have been built on the original tomb. The tomb had a precious parchment of torah and two chests of monabbat covering the tombs. A number of important Jewish figures were buried inside the grave. There is also a Hebrew inscription in stucco over the tombs. The site is the most important place of pilgrimage for Iran's Jewish minority.
3- Daniel (biblical figure):
Daniel is the hero of the book of Daniel. A noble young Jew from Jerusalem, he is taken captive by Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon and serves the king and his successors with loyalty and ability until the time of the Persian conqueror Cyrus, while remaining true to the God of Israel.
The last mention of Daniel in the book of Daniel is in the third year of Cyrus. Rabbinic sources assume that he was still alive during the reign of the Persian king Ahasuerus, when he was killed by Haman.
Today, six cities claim the tomb of Daniel: Babylon, Kirkuk and Muqdadiyah in Iraq, Susa and Malamir in Iran and Samarkand in Uzbekistan. The most famous is Susa (Shush, southern Iran), on a site known as Shush-e Daniyal. According to Jewish tradition, the rich and poor of the city quarreled over the possession of the body, and the beer was therefore suspended from a chain above the center of the river. A house of prayer open to all who believed in God was built nearby, and fishing was prohibited some distance along the river; the fishes that swam in this part of the river had heads that shone like gold, and the impious ones who entered the sacred enclosure drowned miraculously in the river.
Adjacent to a mosque school belonging to the Safavid era and in the western part of the cultural garden of Chehel Sotoun, there is a tomb that the religious clergy and the common consider as the tomb of four Jewish prophets: Sahuli, Salam, Alqia , and Saloum called Chahar Anbia. They are said to be the prophets who brought the news of the birth of Christ from Jerusalem to the East.
According to staffing records dating back to the Safavid era, the place had been a sacred shrine in the 17th century BC. AD, so that some gardens were dedicated to it.
The current Peighambarieh monument is the work of Mirza Masood Sheikhol Islam. There is a porch in front of the tomb, carried by four columns and pillars behind which a portico is connected to the sanctuary.
In addition to the previous prophets, the tomb of Imamzadeh Saleh Ibn Hassan is also thought to be in this place.