Qazvin the capital of Safavid dynasty
Qazvin is one of the oldest cities in Iran, that its history back to the Sassanid era.
The excavations and archaeological findings in this area say that more than 7,000 years ago, some had been living here.
In the Qazvin region, hundreds of ancient hills have identified and some of them date back to 9,000 years. The Qazvin city due to its geographical location, military, and communication has attended by various governments. It selected as the second capital of Safavid dynasty ( 1548–1598 ) for 57 years after Tabriz.
The city today known as Qazvin is thought to have founded by Shapur II, King of Persia in 250 CE, under the name Shad Shahpur (shad can be read as 'happy'), when he built a fortification there to control regional tensions. Qazvin has sometimes been of central importance at major moments of Iranian history. It was captured by invading Arabs (644 AD) and destroyed by Hulagu Khan (13th century). After the Ottoman capture of Tabriz, Shah Tahmasp (1524–1576) made Qazvin the capital of the Safavid empire (founded in 1501 AD), a status that Qazvin retained for half a century until Shah Abbas I moved the capital to Isfahan. This city has many historical monuments as mosques, Palaces, museums, Markets, Historical elements, religious and cultural buildings Because Qazvin was one of the capitals of the Safavid government, so Qazvin is a small sample of Isfahan.There are a number of historical monuments of Isfahan with the same name in this city.These monuments generally have Safavid era architecture.
Some of these are:
The Forthy columns
The fourteenth mansion of Qazvin is the only remaining monument of the royal palaces of the time of Shah Tahmasb.Shah Tahmasb Safavi in 951 AH decided to transfer capital from Tabriz to Qazvin due to the threats of Ottoman Turks.
Eight-octal building and the two-story building with an approximate area of 500 square meters.The first-floor wall paintings are an example of the art of Qazvin painting style with a worldwide reputation.
Alighapoo Palace (Turkish means "Long entrance").
Similar to this palace and more perfect than it,
is located in Imam Square of Isfahan in front of sheikhlotfolah mosque.This building was first built in the era of Shah Tahmasb and was transformed in the present time by Shah Abbas I.This entrance was the main entrance to the Safavid state government.
Jameh Mosque of Qazvin
It is one of the largest and also the oldest Iranian mosques.Its first building was built on a fire temple from the Sassanian era.
The fire temple was in the south part of the porch.
The architectural style of this mosque is related to the Seljuk and Safavid periods and is similar to the rest of the buildings built in these times.
Peyghambarieh Holly Shrine
This place is a tomb of four prophets of the Jewish.
This Caravanserai with a total area of 26,000 square meters is considered to be the most complete and extensive of traditional Iranian Bazars.
Cantor Russian Church
The Russian Church, also known as the Cantor Church (Persian: کليساي کانتور), is a Russian Orthodox church in Qazvin.
The church was built in 1905 by the Russians in Qazvin. The chapel, like other churches, has a cruciform plan with the altar facing east. The entrance is surrounded by two walls adorned with crosses. There is a three-story bell-house at the entrance that is bounded by a small dome.
It is a historic hosseiniyeh or religious place for Muslims ceremonies Built-in 1858.