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Eight kilometers east of Shiràz on a stone slope by the side of a mountain range can be seen the vestiges of a building


developed of unhewn stone in an east-west course. These vestiges are presently called Qasr-i-Abu Nasr, yet were in the past known as Takht-i-Suleimán (The Throne of Soloman). Voyagers and orientalists in the past additionally have recorded this name in their books. At the foot of the slope there is a dry stream bed, in which water runs just amid the winter and spring blustery season towards Lake Mahárlú, and on three sides of the slope, east, west and north there are valleys opening into the waterway bed, which take away surge water from the mountain on the east, and have totally shielded the site from harm. The view from this slope, which was before the seat of nearby governors is to a great degree fine, and in reality considerably better than the present site of Shiràz, for it is obviously noticeable on the west to the extent the Mustasqá Mountain, on the east from Lake Mahárlú, and on the south up to the mountain extend, and for reasons expressed in the introduction the old tenants of Shiràz lived hereabouts, yet step by step when bears a candle, and incense burner in his grasp, and the other the towel and fragrance bottle, looking like intently the carvings in the Tachara at Persepolis.

Among the popular explorers of the previous hundreds of years, the Frenchman, Sir John Chardin made a short reference to these vestiges in the area on Shiràz of his book of Travels in Iran; and notices that when he went by Shiràz, he came to


Dasht-i-Khezr, and saw structures on the inclines of a mountain; known as the Throne of Soloman. The interpretation of part of his perceptions is as per the following:- "One parasang from the Qal'eh ye Fahandez is a tower with sides 38 to 40 feet long, the entryways of which open towards the east, south and north, made out of sections of marble, and is so finely built that it is not possible it could be over-tossed. Two figures in help are to be found in each entryway, and Persians allocate it to the Mother of Soloman." The works of Chardin make it plain that three hundred years back parts of the entryway of this royal residence with their carvings were then standing.

Flandin who went to it in 1841 gives a more full record, and we cite the substance of part of his perceptions, for when he analyzed the vestiges 117 years prior, they were more broad than they are today, however in the interim miserably a specific part has vanished.

"Subsequent to voyaging six kilometers we achieved the foot of a slope anticipating from the mountains of the Kezr Plain. A few remnants of antiquated brick work still exit there, which are not really deserving of note. On the summit of the slope involving a little zone three entryways still stand demonstrative of a previous structures, however it is hard to find out what shape it took. The tenants of Shiràz call this building the Throne of the Mother of Soloman, or her Mosque. Nothing can be known with regards to reality about this structures and its history before, for the material of which it was made does not exist anymore, yet here I give my own conclusion. Persians in different ages were acclimated to make utilization of the material of antiquated structures while building new ones. It is conceivable to decide plainly the frameworks of dividers shaping a square corridor. Among the material utilized for the development of this lobby of this corridor are bits of cut dark stone accurately looking like the sections at Persepolis. At the point when unearthings are in the long run completed, culminate area of such sections will be found in each corner. Furthermore, in the event that we look at the entryway staying with care we should see that the stones are not in regent accord as to size. The limits of the entryways are of areas of stone with an anticipating fringe, however the upright stones of the entryway are correctly similar to those at Persepolis of same sort of stone, and kind of longing for. They likewise demonstrate a similar sort of youthful chaperons bearing containers and bowls as has been portrayed, the main distinction being that while on either side of the stone entryways Persepolis, two figures are delineated, here there is one just, and not all that substantial as there, and that was thus that they had a place with a corridor whose extents were a great deal not as much as the lobby at Persepolis."


History specialists and Arcaeologists have reasoned that parts of these vestiges were remaining in past hundreds of years until around 50 or 40 years prior, and that alongside the two cutting in the entryway which is as yet in place, there were other fine carvings which have vanished by degrees. So it is sure that in the extremely remote past an excellent castle was based on the temples of slope, with its fine view, yet this was devastated when the Arabs and different intruders were triumphant, and it met an indistinguishable destiny from the other Achæmenian and Sasanian structures. In this way different structures are required were raised in a similar region from the first material, the destroyed stays of which have held on to our own day. The lintel stone which resets on the stone uprights of the current entryway does not have a place with it, but rather is shorter, and furthermore the entryway itself is smaller than what the late Fursat uddowleh has composed, that is, its width is under three meters, as well as is not in faot as much as one meter. The logical unearthings completed here by the Archæologists of the Metropolitan Museum, New York, Messrs Hauser and Wilkinson under the heading of Mr.Upton started in 1930, and were proceeded for more than two years, and through no articles evidently of much esteem, in opposition to desire, became known, still imperative authentic confirmation identifying with the position of the city of Shiràz in far inaccessible time was secured. The essayist wanted to cite the synopsis of the report of that Mission by virtue of its significance. Lamentably no duplicate is accessible, so there is no option however to convert into English from the Persian of the book entitled "A Guide to the Historical Antiquities of Shiraz" the report of the Mission in their second year portrayed by Dr.Bahman Karimi.

A piece of the second report of the Oriental Expedition uncovering at Qasr-i-Abu Nasr, which identifies with the subject under discourse, is cited underneath:

"The explorative exercises of the second period of our looks into in Iran, which kept going from October, 1931, to June, 1932 were considerably more productive issues became known, which conveyed back to structures contemporary with the Arsacids.."


"Toward the starting bits of a jasper plate, and the leader of a flying creature in green stone, clearly having a place with the Achæmenian age, and the best of a bowl with consistent rings and plans of winged animals, for example, goose and duck, and a few bits of earthenware having a place with pre-Sasanian age were found. Accordingly we underestimated it that we were at a site, which would uncover to us one of the times of old Iran… From bits of copied block and stays of building we arrived at the conclusion that maybe this was the site of an antiquated fire-sanctuary, for example, Istakhri in his book additionally says as having existed here… and we discovered more than 60 silver coins here dating from the season of Alexander until 'Abdullah ben Ziyád, and the stoneware vessels found take after nearly the potty of the Arsacid and Sasanid periods found in Iran and 'Iráq. The style of engineering not the slightest bit gives the feeling that the building is more established than the Parthian age, however the ancient remains, the winged creature and the jasper vessels, which indicate the Achæmenian age, were found in the western part, and the connection of that part to alternate parts is undetermined and unverifiable.

All in all from a thought of the coins, earthenware vessels, globules and style of building it might be expected that this place had a place with the Sasanians and was possessed not just amid the entire time of the Sasanian line, however in the Parthian age as well. The insignificance of the Arab remains, a couple coins just, shows that in the Islamic circumstances this place started to rot, and drop out of utilization. On one the dots the name of the area called Ardeshír Khurreh, in which this place was arranged, is said and the name of a city taking after that of Shiràz can be perused, and this shows the relationship of this place whit that city. It is conceivable that the entire of this territory, that is, the fortress and town, framed the pre-Islamic Shiràz, however as occurred on account of Níshápúr and Cairo a few times, we realize that is in Iran after a city had been ruined and crushed, they move a short separation away, and assembled another city with the previous name, and it is not improbable, as Ebn Balkhi has stated, that the Arbs, in the wake of overcoming Shiràz in the year 693 A. D., went four miles toward the west, and assembled the present Shiràz, giving it the name of the old city now in vestiges."

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