Susa is one of the oldest settlements of Iran and the world. Based on C14 dating, the time the founding of the city is as early as 4395 BC, a time that goes beyond the age of civilization in Mesopotamia. The general perception among archaeologists is that Susa was an extension of the Sumerian city of Uruk. In his later history, Susa became the capital of Elam, which emerged as a state emerged in 4000 BC. There are also dozens of prehistoric sites on the Iranian Plateau, which refer to the existence of ancient cultures and urban settlements in the 4th millennium BC. Refer. One of the earliest civilizations of the Iranian Plateau was the Jiroft civilization in southeastern Iran in the province of Kerman.
It is one of the artefact richest archaeological sites in the Middle East. Archaeological excavations in Jiroft led to the discovery of several objects of the 4th millennium BC.
There are a large number of objects decorated with very characteristic engravings of animals, mythological figures and architectural motifs. The objects and their iconography are unlike anything previously seen by archaeologists. Many are made of chlorite, a gray-gray soft stone; Others are in copper, bronze, terracotta and even lapis lazuli. Recent excavations at the sites have produced the earliest inscription in the world, which has brought forward Mesopotamian inscriptions.
There are records of numerous other ancient civilizations on the Iranian high plain before the emergence of the Iranian tribes during the early Iron Age. The early Bronze Age saw the rise of urbanization into organized city states and the invention of writing (Uruk) in the Middle East. During the Bronze Age, Elam used the writing of an early period, the Proto-Elamite writing remains indifferent, and records of Sumer concerning Elam are scarce.