KASHAN Fin Garden

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Fin Garden


Ranking among the finest traditional Iranian gardens, the Fin Garden was founded during the Safcwid period. It Was laid out slightly to the north of the original Fin Garden that could be contemporaneous with the Sialk civilization, tracing its history at least to the 5th millennium B.C The Fin Garden was kept alive with abundant waters from the Soleimaniyeh Spring, perhaps as old as history itself. The local tradition attributes the discovery of the spring to Solomon the Prophet, emphasizing not only its ancient history, but also Some mysterious features about it. The Springs Source is still unknown, its water maintains a constant temperature throughout the year, and its flow is unchangeable. There is a high level of mercury in the water of the Soleimaniyeh Spring; therefore it is not recommended for drinking, but bathing is believed to have a healing effect. It is said that on the road to Esfahan, Avicenna stopped over in the Fin Garden. Then he tasted the water of the Soleimaniyeh Spring, he told his apprentice that they were going to stay in this place for a while as he was certain people were ill here, after having regularly drunk this water. The locals, having learnt that the famous doctor was staying in the area, sent him a basket of local pomegranates as a gift. At the same time, Ibn Sina told his student to pack up as he believed people were healthy, eating pomegranates as an antidote. Before entering the garden's precinct. the water of the spring is collected in the pool that is locally called Lasegah 1. In Summers, it is a popular bathing pool for male residents and guests. Inside the garden, the water is kept moving by elaborately designed fountains, channels, and waterways. The scheme of water canals, their allotment in the alleys, and the design of constantly gushing fountains of blue, lucid waters are ascribed to Ghias al-Din Jamshid Kashani, the great Iranian mathematician of the 16th century. The water channels are lined with blue tiles as if to echo the blue of the sky and increase in apparent depth of the pools.
The first written evidence of the Fin Garden dates from the 9th century, when Yaqub Leis Saftilri encamped in the garden's vicinity in 879. Its heyday, however, began in the early 16th century. when the founder of the Safavid dynasty, Shah Ismail I, was crowned in the garden among a gathering of numerous courtiers and guests. For other Safavid shahs, the Fin Garden was also a favorite recreational site. Fortifications around the garden, an entrance portal 2, a pavilion at the center of the garden and a large bathhouse 3, were built during the Safavid period. The central pavilion that is called Shotorgaluye Safavi 4, is a two-story building founded in 1016, following the order of Aqa Khezr Nehavandi, the governor of Kashan. The interior paintings, of which currently only a strip of the ceiling's border remains, are the work of Aqa Reza Kashani. This skillful painter of Kashan origin was invited by Shah Abbas the Great to move to Esfahan, where he carried out the decoration of the Ali Qapu (pp88-92) and Chehel Sotun (pp92-96) palaces and acquired a world-wide renown as Reza Abbasi.
The Fin Garden was badly ruined after the Afghan attack. However it was Soon restored by Aqa Seiim Arani, the governor of Kashan during the rule of Karim Khan Zand. Behind the garden's southwestern wall, he added a building known as Khalvat-e Karim Khani ("Karim Khan's private court") 5. Some authorities claim that the new building was constructed outside the garden's walls because Karim Khan did not consider himself a king, while the garden was always reserved for royal families. The garden was further expanded by the Qajar monarchs. A large pavilion called Shotorgalu-ye Qajari 6, was built in the garden's south-eastern corner.
It was adorned with precious paintings executed by the artists of the Ghaffan family, the ancestors of Kamal al-Molk. Some entrance sections, a middle pool 7, a bathhouse for servants 8, and the building of the library 9, also belong to the Qajar period.
The most famous event relating to the garden's history is connected with the murder of Naser al-Din Shah's reforming vizier, Mirza Taqi Khan, known as Arnir Kabir, The minister, who had attempted to implement a rational program of modernization for Iran, was exiled here in 1852. Because Arnir Kabir did not belong to the royal clan himself, he was obliged to be content with the accommodalions in the building of the Zand period and with bathing in an unpretentious Qajar bathhouse. Amir Kabirs wife, sister of the shah, watched him with passionate affection. Yet means were found to dispatch him when she was off her guard, and the able vizier was killed.
A modern building 10,  along the garden's northern wall houses the Kashan museum. It consists of eight large halls, housing valuable objects from the prehistoric sites of Sialk and Ismail Abad, coins, Islamic-period jewelry, pottery, bronze items, lacquer boxes, and a collection of folk costumes. The Fin Garden has been recently closed for extensive, two year.

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0 #1 takeshi1125 2015-02-04 12:45
“Recommend to visit April”
Kochi, Kerala, India
If I can visit there again, I would like to go in April because it is the best season with fully blown
flowers and grasses according to my Iranian friend.
I visited there in end of December and then unfortunately, I felt it was lack of this place's greatness.
It supposed to be considered the time of visiting.
From distance bus terminal to this place was taken for around 30 mins.
Visited December 2014

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