Nain Location and History
Nain (Persian: نائين, also Romanized as Nā'īn and Nāeyn) is a city in and the capital of Nain County, Isfahan province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 24,424 in 6,950 families.
Na'in (also called Naein and Naeen) lies 170 km north of Yazd and 140 km east of Esfahan with an area of almost 35,000 km², Na'in lies at an altitude of 1545 m above sea level. Like much of the Iranian high plateau, it has a desert climate with a maximum temperature of 41 ° C in summer and a minimum of -9 ° C in winter.
More than 3000 years ago, the Persians learned how to build aqueducts underground (qanat in Persian کاریز or kariz) to bring water from the mountains into the plain. In the 1960s this ancient system provided more than 70 percent of the water in Iran and Na'in is one of the best places in the world to see these qanats working.
Unique to Na'in are some of the most important monuments in Iran: the Jame Mosque, one of the first four mosques built in Iran after the Arab invasion; The pre-Islamic fortress Narej; A Pirnia traditional house; The old bazaar; Rigareh, a Qanat-based water mill; And a Zurkhaneh (a place for traditional sports).
Besides its magnificent monuments, Na’in is also famous for high-quality carpets and wool textiles.
Some linguists believe that the word Na'in comes from the name of one of the descendants of the Prophet Noah, who was called "Naen". Many local people speak an ancient Pahlavi Sasani dialect, the same dialect spoken by the Zoroastrians in Yazd today. Other linguists say that the word Na'in is derived from the word "Nei" ("straw" in English) which is a marshy plant.
It has one of the earliest remaining mosques in Iran, and has a Sassanid era fort, now in ruins, called Narin Ghal'eh.
It extensively uses ab anbars. Naein is most famous in the world for its rugs.