Isfahan Bridges on Zayandeh River

Written by Super User. Posted in Isfahan Historical Sites

The Zayandeh starts in the Zagros Mountains and flows 400 kilometres (200 mi) eastward before ending in the Gavkhouni swamp, a seasonal salt lake, southeast of Isfahan city.
The Zayandeh is spanned by many historical Safavid era bridges, and flows through many parks.There are several new and old bridges (pol) over the Zayandeh River. The oldest, Shahrestan, built in 5th century AD, is still in use as a pedestrian crossing in Sharestan village.


ZayanderudZāyandé-Rūd or Zāyanderūd (Persian: زاینده رود‎, from زاینده [zɑːjændɛ] “life giver” and رود [rʊːd] “river”), also spelled as Zayandeh-Rood or Zayanderood, is the largest river in the central plateau of Iran.The Zayandeh starts in the Zagros Mountains and flows 400 kilometres (200 mi) eastward before ending in the Gavkhouni swamp, a seasonal salt lake, southeast of Isfahan city.

Zayanderud and Khajoo Bridge

The bridges over the Zayandeh-rud, the river that separates Isfahan from its southern bridge is the pol-e Shahrestan, which was probably built in the l2th century during the Seljuq period. Until recently, it was still located outside the town limits. This ten-arch bridge of stone and brick is the simplest of the old bridges and was originally defended on one side by a tower.

Isfahan and Tourists

Bridges of Isfahan at a glance
The city of Esfahan occupies both banks of Zayandeh Rud, and although only the northern part draws the tourists, the presence of river, running eastward right through the city is a most favorable feature. Trees and gardens (now mainly renovated into parks and promenades) line its shores, and the many ancient beautiful bridges carry heavy traffic to the modern plants and factories on the south bank.

One of the most beautiful bridges of the world. Khaju is a name of small district in the neighborhood of bridge. It is about 132 meters long and 12 meters wide. The Khaju Bridge is made of two decks (floors). This bridge was built to work for different purposes. As a bridge connected the old Isfahan to villages located on the southern side and also connected Isfahan to Shiraz road.
Most of Iranians call it SI-O-SE POL the bridge of 33 arches. The bridge connects central Chahar Bagh to the lower part of Chahar Bagh Avenue. It was built in 1602. Allah Verdi Khan supervised construction of this bridge.
The bridge is 300 meters long and 14 meters wide.
Shahrestan bridge
Shahrestan bridge is the oldest bridge on Zayandeh Rud. The foundations are from the 3rd to 7th century Sasanian era, but the top was renovated in the 10th century by the Buyids and finally during the 11th century Seljuk period. However the architectural style is totally Sasanian.
Marnan Bridge
Marnan Bridge is one of historical bridges which was constructed west of the Safavid city. It was reconstructed during Safavid period. The original bridge was as old as the Shahrestan Bridge. In accordance with the available documents the Marnan Bridge was replanned and constructed by the order of Khajeh Sarfaraz who was an Armenian administrator of Armenian district in Isfahan.
Common people call it Pole Choobi (The wooden bridge). It is about 146 meters long and 4 meters wide. It has 21 water canals. It was built in the 17th century. It was used as a royal and private bridge. There are two parlors, built for the Shah’s and was closed to public. Windows of this building opens to different river sides.




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