Isfahan Historical sites

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Isfahan  MONUMENTS A Historical Survey
Isfahan’s monuments developed, in the Islamic era: first, in the early medieval period under the ʿAbbāsid Caliphate and Buyid patronage. Many of the extant monuments of Isfahan, however, date to two periods in history when the city served as the capital of the ruling dynasties of the Great Saljuqs (1040-1194) and the Safavids (1501-1722).

Isfahan Mosques
Isfahan is known historically for its large number of mosques. According to Abu Noʿaym of Isfahan, the first large mosque in Isfahan was built during the Caliphate of Imam ʿAli b. Abi Ṭāleb (r. 656-61). The French traveler Jean Chardin counted 162 mosques during his travels to Isfahan in the middle of the 17th century.The majority in Chardin’s account must have been the neighborhood mosques that served, as in every Muslim city, the residential quarters, sections of bazaars, or else were attached to the city’s numerous madrasas and shrines.


Isfahan, under the Safavid dynasty witnessed a golden era of construction and development. Extensive construction was carried out in Isfahan. Magnificent palaces and beautiful gardens and orchards were built along the Zayandeh Roud  River. Unfortunately, after the fall of Safavid Empire and especially during Qajar period most of these palaces were destroyed.

European visitors to Safavid Persia, for example, found themselves increasingly bound by Isfahan, where they were able to gain a royal audience or conduct their business with the court and government bureaucracy without having to follow the itinerant monarchs.


Bridges over Zayande Roud

Eleven bridges cross the Zayandeh River in Isfahan (Esfahan). Six of these are modern constructions but the other five crossings date from the Safavid period and earlier in the case of the Shahrestan Bridge.
Except for the shorter Marnan Bridge (Pol-e Marnam), the other historic bridges lie to the east of Chahar Bagh Street.
A slim tower rising from a mosque, from which the adhan may be called. Early mosques did not have minarets; the adhan was simply called from any high point near the mosque. In modern times, microphones and speakers are often used to project the adhan, but minarets remain a common element in Islamic mosque architecture throughout the world.
The most important and famous theological schools are located in Isfahan. These are Theological Schools which are well known all over Iran. Some of the most prominent high ranking clergies of Iran were grown up and educated in Isfahan’s Theological schools. At present time Mashhad, Qum and Isfahan are remarkable centers for these theological schools.
There is a treasury of old houses in Isfahan from Safavid era to Qajar period. Unfortunately several old houses were destroyed. Construction of new streets, especially in historic axis of Isfahan which dates back to Safavid and Qajar dynasty is an unforgivable mistake.
Mausoleums & Shrines
In this part you can see the list of Mausoleums & Shrines in Isfahan city.

 Other Historical Sites



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