About 100 kilometers (62 miles) south of Qom on the side road to Isfahan, is the city of Kashan, once one of the most prosperous oases in Iran.
|Kashan General View|
Known since Seljuq times for the quality of its ceramics (the Persian word Kashi for glazed tiles is derived from the name of the city), it was also until the 18th century an important center for the production of carpets, silk and other textiles. During the Safavid dynasty, the city benefited greatly from the auspices of Shah Abbas I (1587-1629), who prepared to embellish them further, mainly by designing a garden of the Bagh-e fin, which even buried there Was, in view of the grandiose construction projects that mark its rule, one might expect that the mausoleum of Shah Abbas is a magnificent building, but it is indeed remarkably modest in size and appearance.It now consists of a black tombstone, in the crypt of Imamzadeh Habib ibn Musa, now a mosque. This mosque (on the Zeyarat Habib road from Imam Khomeini Avenue, north of Khomeini Square) is currently being completely rebuilt, but the grave is still visible in a corner. In the center of Kash are the mosque and the agile Agha Bozorg ( Turn right onto Fazel -e Naraqi Avenue, direction Kemal o-Mulk-Platz). The traditional plan of the Iranian mosques was adapted here and comprises only two large eivan flanked by two rows of arcades, one on the north side, through the entrance and the other on the south side, before the Mehrab.The courtyard, surrounded by single arcades, contains a second, sunken courtyard in the cenfre, which has been transformed into a garden with trees and a fountain. The South Eivan, with its two minarets, leaves the Mehrab chamber, which is covered with a brick dome (from the entrance to the courtyard and from this Eivan). The decoration of the arcades and Eivan, which is limited to blue, red or yellow touches against a brick, is very simple, but elegant.
|Agha Bozorg Mosque|
Among the other mosques in Kashan is the mosque (Masjed-e Jomeh), built under the Seljuqs, and has since been restored several times, and the Meidan-e-Fays Mosque built in the Timurid Dynasty (15th century) .) Was built. The bazaar, between Bab Afzal and Mohtasham avenues, is very interesting for the architecture of its old Karawansarais, with its domed roofs and painted walls.
Another recommended visit is the Borujerdi House (khaneh-ye Borujerdiha, the entrance is on a street to the right of Alavi Avenue, in the southern part of the city, opened only in the morning). This is an old privately owned house which is now open to the public and houses a very original six-sided windturn that is lined with window-like openings that create a draft for cooling the house.
A few kilometers south-west of Kshn, in the small village of Fin, is one of the most famous gardens of Iran, the Bagh-e Fin (or the Bagh-e Shah, the Royal Garden) designed for Shah Abbs. The original Safavid buildings have now all been replaced by Qajar, but the layout of the trees, canals and marble basins is still very close to the original. It is difficult to find a more pleasant place to relax in the shade after a long journey through the sand and the heat of the desert.
The road leading to Bagh-e Fin (Amir-Kebir Road) passes an important prehistoric site, Tappeh-ye Sialk, one of the first and most rewarding places ever to be excavated in Iran. Sialk was occupied almost continuously from the fourth millennium BC to the eighth century BC; It has emerged in layers, a hoard of cultural artefacts, specially painted pottery, from which it was possible to work out the chronology of the cultural development of this part of the Iranian plateau in a remarkable way. The excavations are located in the Louvre Museum in Paris and the Archaeological Museum in Tehran. There are few very modest remnants that can be seen today on the two badly eroded hills of Tappeh-ye Sialk, including the strange shard and the outline of some houses.
On the other side of the road, about one kilometer towards Kashan, is the Imdmzddeb Abu Lolo, built during the Safavid Dynasty and recognizable by its pointed roof, decorated with very fine turquoise and yellow tiles.