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Carpet Museum A detail of Carpet museum

Written by Super User. Posted in Tehran historical sites

Carpet Museum

By:H.Shams

There has been much written and extensive research and studies have been carried out by carpet experts and Iranians about features and high artistic quality of carpets and carpets woven in various parts of Iran.
But the fascinating, exquisite, exquisite and interesting collection in the carpet museum Iran. Provides comprehensive background information on weaving and tracery of hand-woven Iranian carpets to the visitors and lovers of this ancient Iranian art.
The variety of carpets with complex, genuine, beautiful and traditional designs and fine colors from the Safavid period, 16th century, to the present are exhibited in the museum.
These masterpieces of carpet weaving of Iran, manifest the creativity and delicate nature of Iranian craftsmen and craftsmen, and are the product of the most outstanding designers, masters and weavers from different parts of Iran.
The beauty of design, color, texture and patterns of precious carpets fascinate visitors and visitors
Raise the admiration of even the most difficult artist to please. The carpets on the display showed and reflected their simple, sometimes refined and exquisite feeling, impression, understanding and conception, about the spiritual and material life around them.

The carpet museum is the illustrated story of a folk, a village child who has put his or her simple and delicate feel into the yarn, dye and color, or a professional weaver who has shown the gloomiest cry out of freedom lovers, freedom fighters and brave heroes the country. It speaks of the authenticity of the nation's tradition and cuddly animals, which has so humbly placed its art under the feet of art lovers.

The Museum
The museum is located in the north of Laleh (Tulip) Park of Tehran, where invaluable, hand-made world-famous carpets are kept. A passer-by can not miss the museum because of its special architectural design.
Inaugurated on February 11, 1978, the museum is located next to the International Laleh Hotel.
Turn left onto the entrance, there International Laleh Hotel.
Turn left onto the entrance where is the administrative section and on the left the strike section. Furthermore, the main hall decorated with masterpieces of hand-woven carpets and carpets from various parts of Iran, as well as huge maps hanging on the wall, showing great cities and cities famous for their carpets. A small, traditionally designed pond in the center of the hall adds another charm to the atmosphere.

Opposite the main hall adds even more charm to the atmosphere. Opposite the main entrance is the amphitheater, where documentaries on the techniques and information about the carpet weaving industry are shown. The films orient visitors with interesting facts about this ancient Iranian art. To the left of the amphitheater is the library.
On the right-hand side wall of the main exhibition hall an interesting map shows the carpet web centers of the country in the past and present. The two shop windows in the hall show the herbs and truffles, from which natural dyes for the coloring of the yarn are extracted such as Krause, Indigo, Kurkuma, immature grapes, walnut skin, white vitriol and pomegranate skin.
The other shop window shows and instruments including various types of shears, hooks, shears and shears. Then there is a carpet floor, before the renowned master, sir. Shataie, sits and shows various stages of carpet weaving for visitors.
 In the main part of the museum, carpets are categorized according to origin and location, to give visitors the opportunity to familiarize themselves with the patterns, colors and designs of each area, and to compare the carpets of one city with another.
Beside the carpet, there is a collection of the East Azarbaijan province (Tabriz, Heris), carpets, followed by Isfahan, Kashan, Khorasan province (Mashhad, moud, Sarakhs), Kurdistan (Sahara, Bijar), Kerman province, Central Province (Arak , Farahan, Saroug, Theran) and finally carpets Produced by the Qsahqai tribes. Each and every one of the carpets are exceptional examples of carpets are exceptional examples of subtlety, beauty and craftsmanship. There was much reaerch done on peculiarities of carpets and carpets that were woven in every part of the country and carpet experts have written extensively on the subject. However, the interesting collection in the museum is aimed at the visitors with the characteristics of carpets from different localities and satisfies their curiosity.

Azarbaijan Carpets
One of the most beautiful carpets of Azarbaijan on display in the Meusum is that of Tabriz, which shows the royal court of Sultan Mahmoud Ghaznvid (998-1030).
This magnificent and remarkable carpet has 70 raj▪ and the warp threads are silk. It has been woven a century ago. Both wool and silk were used in the carpet.
Another fabulous work of Tabriz is a carpet with a compartment cartridge design. The basic pattern in each compartment is an excellent representation of a table of Shahnameh or Book of the Kings, a poetic and romantic story of the ancient Persian monarchs through the Iranian epic of the Ferryship of the tenth century, which is considered the Homer of the East. The artist has the scenes such as the duel of Rustam with the Afrasiyad - the former, one of the most famous hell in Pera literature and the latter an ancient king -, Rustam in the hunting area and the death of Ashkbus - a hero, masterfully woven Rustam. Couples referring to the specitic legend are woven around the compartments.
The section also features an octangular carpet, woven in the 17th century. The central part of the carpet, the medallion, depicts a dragon and Simurgh, a legendary bird from the Shahnameh, called Konown, to name it, but unrecognized for the body. The medlallion has 30raj.

Isfahan Carpets
The Iranian city of Isfahan is not only famous for its craft, especially carpets. In the Isfahan section of the museum, a carpet of the highest artistic quality houses visitors' eyes. This wool carpet, woven about a century ago, is one of the most beautiful and unique carpets in this region.
The 55-raj medallion shows astrolabe signs surrounded by sun and moon and the four corners four and moon and the four corners four planets of the solar system; Jupiter, Mars, Mercuy and Venus. Names of months and years are woven in three languages ​​of Turkish, Arabic and Persian in circles. The carpet has a cotton warp thread. At the back of each corner, this carpet is a cartridge design.
The other carpets, the ultimate Isfahan carpet weaving and brocaded weaving, are three silk carpets woven in the early 17th century. The carpets woven for the royal Polish family have the emblem of Polish monarchs and are therefore known as "Polonaise" carpets.

The so-called Polonaise carpets are one of the most valuable carpets that were mostly woven during the Safavid Dynasty (1051-1736) in carpet workshops, commissioned by Shah Abass. These carpets were either woven at the request of the Polish monarchs and aristocracy, or presented to them by the Persian kings as gifts.
These brocaded carpets have 50 raj - gold threads were used together with the silk threads to create a magnificent effect - and cotton warp threads. The color combination of these carpets differs significantly from the other carpets in the museum.
The most beautiful and innovative carpet from Isfahan is the one with silk distortions and embossed pattern. The carpet, the famous artist, Chodadadi, completed it in 1987, presents the latest techniques in carpet weaving. Khodadadi, who completed this priceless and splendid work for seven years, used 38 different types of shears to shear the pile and give it different heights.
All symbols used in the over - all design of this carpet, flowers and animals are woven in 65 embossed raj. What makes this carpet so distinct and different from other carpets in the museum is that unlike the other embossed design carpets, which usually have two heights, the heap of this carpet has several heights, clearly visible and palpable.
The skillful use of different pairs of scissors has further intensified the height of the various symbols and made them more eye-catching and prominent.

Kashan Carpets
The most elaborate and beautiful carpet in the Kashan section of the museum is a Mehrab design (niche design) carpet with embossed or relief pattern.
 The 80s carpet was woven in the 19th century. The laid pattern of the Mehrab carpet is brocade. This magnificent and invaluable carpet is held in a shop window.
This section is estimated by holding the oldest silk carpet from the Safavid period. The field pattern of the carpet, which was woven in the middle of the 16th century, shows a fight between two animals. The carpet, which belongs to the most valuable hand-woven carpets, has 70 raj.
This section also shows a masterpiece, a carpet from the Nasereddin Shah of Qajar (1848 - 1896). The overall execution of this carpet resembles the paintings of this particular period, known as "teahouse paintings". The woven calligraphy at the four corners explains the scenes taken by shahnameh.
The 50-raj carpet was woven in Hussein Ali Labaf carpet weaving. The warp threads are cotton and the pile wool.

Khorasan Carpets
The carpet with the highest density of knots in every 7 centimeters, raj. Is from Khorasan, eith 120raj.
The middle of the 20th century woven carpet is the product of the renowned carpet weaver and designer Amou Oghli in Mashhad, the capital of Khorasan province. It has cotton warp threads and woolen heaps. Since Amou Oghli originally came from the province of East Azarbaijan, the type of knot used in this Mashhad carpet is Turkish knots.
Depending on the geographic origin of the carpet, as is the Turkish knot and the Persian knot, several different types of knot are used in crust weaving.
Before the victory of the Islamic revolution of 1979, this carpet represented the Saad-Abad Palace and was then moved to the museum as an object of the national heritage.

Kurdistan Carpets
"Nest of Swallow" is the name of a cartridge design wool carpet. The beautiful carpet, which also bears the date of its production, was decorated in Sahneh, near Sanandaj, a couplet, the upper limit of this masterpiece from the Kurdistan region.
The Kurdistan section also shows a wool carpet with "Sardar design", from Bijar the lollipops interspersed from where appear petunia flowers.

Kerman Carpets
One of the most interesting carpets in the Kerman section is the "Kings and Notables" carpet the whole design is formed around a tree on which portraits of Qajqr kings appear on top and portraits of famous world figures including Christopher Columbus, Queen Isabella Catholics, Abraham Lincoln , George Washington, Queen of England, ruler of Sri Lanka and emperor of Japan.
The four corners of the carpet are decorated with portraits of Naseredding Shah of Qajar and all four edges are decorated with a picture of Isfahan's famous old bridge, Sio she pol.
After the date on the carpet it was woven in 1904.
The carpet has 50 raj and both chains and wefts are cotton.

Another great work from the Kerman region is the one with a design called "Melliat" (nationality) whose basic pattern is a tree with three branches. The branches are decorated with different kinds of fruits such as apple, pear, grapes, pomegranate and various kinds of birds such as parrot, swallow, owl, hoopoe, peacock, crow, goose as a duck, ostrich and turkey.
In the lower part of the carpet marine life including various types of fish are woven against the backdrop of a sea.
In addition, ten circles are woven on the four edges of the carpet, one in each corner and the rest on the four edges of the carpet, where ten nationals of the world are dressed in their traditional costumes - Iranian, Italian, Chinese, Arabic, Turkish, American, European and African. The carpet has 70 raj.

The Oldest Carpet Of The Museum
The oldest and most precious carpet in the museum is a 30 - raj wool carpet woven in Tabriz in the 15th century, Safavid era.
The carpet can be seen in the middle of the main exhibition hall, spread over a dark blue, velvet-covered platform. It belongs to the masterpieces of this special time. It is similar to a carpet that the Polish prince, Roman Sanyuszku owned one of them and therefore it is known as Sanyuazko carpet.
The medallion of the carpet shows horsemen. The borders are decorated with smaller medallions, alternately showing a man and a woman on local costumes. Another medallion shows a battle between two animals, one of the most popular designs in Persian carpet weaving.

Tehran Capets
Tehran section of the museum is woven with the replica of the world's oldest carpet, next to the carpet loom, The masterpiece was woven 30 years ago by Maschaalah in Tehran. In terms of design, color, size and raj, it is the exact replica of the original carpet, the Pazyryk carpet, the oldest car ever discovered.
The Pazyryk carpet was discovered in 1949 in the excavation of royal tombs from the 5th to 3rd century BC In southern Siberia. The archaeological team, led by Professor Rodenko, discovered the oldest examples of felt with application patterns and an excellent carpet with a woolen pile knotted with Ghiordes or Turkish knots.

This particular carpet, which has proven to be Persian origin, measures 6 × 6.5 feet (1,783 × 2.00 meters). The central field has a checkerboard design with a floral star pattern in each square. The carpet was found in the tomb of a Scythian commander, at the Bolshoy Ulagan River Valley, in Kazakhstan. This carpet is now in Leningrad'Hermitage Museum.
Radiocarbon tests have proved that the carpet was woven 2500 years ago and its design is very similar to the stone masonry work of Persepolis, capital of the ancient Persian Empire, near the modern city of Shiraz Fars province. The carpet has 3,600 knots in every square decimeter.
The discovery of the Pazyryk carpet proved to be the consolation of all the earlier theories. The similarity of the pattern and design of the Pazyryk carpet with the Persepolis carvings has prompted the scientist and archaeologist to believe that the carpet in Persia was woven in 500 bc during the Achaemanid dynasty dominating the Achaemanid dynasty, From the 6th century BC.
The sophisticated weaving techniques used in the Pazyryk carpet prove that carpet weaving has a long stirring and that it has gone through a long time of evolution when this particular carpet was woven.

Genuineness Of Iranian Dsigns
The Iranian carpets and carpets owe their centuries-old worldwide fame and incomparable excellence not only to their genuine and unique designs and patterns, but also to the long history of the carpet path, which was an important factor in improving and promoting Iranian weavers and craftsmen Your techniques and designs.
The Persian carpets symbolize the wide range of designs, color and variety of Iranian hand-woven carpets, which correspond to the hand-woven carpets that correspond to the taste of an art lover.
The Iranian carpets have retained their original identification in terms of design and patterns, although in recent centuries, there have been new improvements with regard to type of weaving and introducing new techniques such as embossed or relief weaving.

The traditional medallions and corners, cartouche compartment and four seasons are still woven in workshops in Iranian cities and villages, each a fine example of craftsmanship, beauty and greenery.
Exhibitions in the carpet museum
On special occasions special exhibitors on the second floor of the museum help some of them annually or twice a year. On 8 May this year was a special exhibition of the carpets and kilims of the Iranian tribes and the village on the occasion of the World Museum Day.
Meanwhile the carpets on the floor in the floor of the museum are changed once in a while to introduce different masterpieces to the visitors.
The museum is open from 09:00 to 16:00 weekdays except Mondays.

 

 

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