The Museum of Glassware and Ceramics
This museum holds an exclusive collection of glassware and ceramics ranging from the pre-Islamic to modern period. The splendid building of the museum, remarkable by itself, was built in the 19th century at the order of Ahmad (Qavam – o Saltaneh) for his personal use.
The complex included two buildings, one functioning as Qavam’s place of residence and another as his office, standing in a garden more then 7,000 square meters in area. During 1954 – 1961, the buildings housed the Embassy of Egypt; after that, they were bought by the Central Bank. In 1977, h the Bureau of Farah Pahlavi, the royal spouse of Pahlavill, bought this building whit the purpose of creating a museum in it. During 1977-1978, a group of Iranian, German, and Austrian architects, headed by Hans Hurain, refurbished the building and converted it into a museum.
The architecture of the building exemplifies a remarkable a remarkable merge of traditional Iranian and Western styles. This octagonal structure features two stories and a basement, connected by a winding staircase running in the middle of the edifice. The plan of the building ’s upper story resembles ahorseshoe. The exquisite decoration of the structure includes remarkable brickwork of the exterior façade, interior plaster cutouts of the entrance and vestibules of two floors, highlighted on te upper story with mirror work.
The stuccowork was completed during various periods of the building’s existence. Its mirror work was made of mirror pieces elaborately cut into an overwhelming number of geometrical shapes. Double windows of the building demonstrate inlaid work of highest quality,depicting floral designs. The floors of the building are mostly wooden, painted brown. They creek discreetly and give the atmosphere of the museum a homey touch. Apart fram its owen architectural and artisitic splendors, the museum houses a magnificent collection of glassware and ceramics,
Exhibited in its multiple halls.
Audio – Video Hall
This hall exhibits a prehistoric grave. A human Skeleton, jewelry and decorations, as well as other things that were enclosed in the grave together with the dead body, are display to provide an example of archaeological work. The hall is also equipped with time line posters and maps of archeological mounds in Iran, which serve as visual aids helping visitors to get an impression of Iranian ancient history.
Mina (Enamel) Hall
This hall exhibits glassware and pottery dating from the I st and 2nd BC. Women’s decorations of opaque and veined glass them neck – laces, bangles, perfume bottles, and rings, as well as glass aeals and pipes that were excavated from the ziggurat of Chogha Zanbil in southwesterm Iean, are on display here.
Bolur (Crystal ) Hall
This hall introduces to visitors the methods applied in the glasswork industry during two millennia, starting from the 1 st millennium Bc. It exhibits the items created by stamp – ing, cutting out decorations, and into patterned molds. In the
small rectangular showcases of this hall, glass perfume bottles. Pharmaceutical vessels, bowls, and beakers are displayed. Some of the objects in this hall date from the Sassanian period, when the technique for cutting glass reached outstanding progress. The vestibule of the ground floor is dedicated to prehistoric pottery.
Sadaf (Mother – of – Pearl) Hall
Examples of pottery from the Sassanian and early Islamic era, as well glassware that exhibits the process of evolution of glasswork industry, are put on display in this hall. The as glass ware that exhibits the process of evolution of glasswork industry, are put on display in this hall. The ceramic objects of the early Islamic period are characterized by crocket designs, animal and bird pictures, and inscriptions in the Kufic or Naskh scripts. The glassware of the hall includes fine examples of new techniques', in which deep grooves were cut in glass pieces to create fascinating designs in low relif. This hall also exhibits painting on glass, known as mina (enamel).
Zarin (Golden) Hall
Clay works dating from the 11th To 15th centuries AD are on display in this hall. They include luster and enamel ware with exquisite decorative patterns ( some inspired by Iranian epic poems) and Handsome calligraphy, with inscribed poems, proverbs, and prayers.
Lajevard (Azure) Hall one
Exceptional two – layered post, ceramic-ware with patterns in low relief, and distinctive enameled dishes with turquoise – color glaze produced in Gorgan constitute the main Objects of interest in this hall.
Lajevard (Azure) Hall two
Examples of the glassworks from the 17th to 19th centuries, as well as enameled tiles with scenes from the Shah – Nameh by Ferdowsi, are displayed in this hall.
The vestibule of the upper floor is dedicated to ceramics and glassware produced by modem artists. The newly – built edifice along the north – western side of the complex houses a library with specialized literature in the field of archaeology, history, and art, open to the researchers and anyone interested in these subjects. The museum is situated on Si-ye Tir Street, south of Jomhuri Street. It is open to the public everyday except Monday from 9 a.m. to 5:30 p.m.