Qahveh Khanehei painting
Qahveh Khanehei painting as an Iranian painting style combined with European techniques ( oil and color on was and canvass ) . It was about eighty years ago that this method was formed among lay people. The characteristic of this art is its popularity and distance from court arts. Unknown artist who had some experiences in painting on tiles, were influenced by the atmosphere and ambience of Qahveh Khanehs , along with Shahnameh–Khani ( reading verses from Shahnameh ) endeavored to create simple and beautiful views on the walls of Qahveh Khaneh and on cloths .
Though they did not have any academic instructions, these artists succeeded to occupy a place in Iranian artistic history for themselves. For its presence in narrations and Shamayel Gardani ( carrying the icons ) Qahveh Khanehei painting may be regarded a part of Iranian painting arts. And on the other hand due to its distance from painting features it may be considered among visual arts. But, prior to illustration of this traditional and true Iranian art , we should acquire knowledge about Qahveh – khanehs . These places with their old history have been the keeper of old traditions , thoughts and tastes.
In Qahveh Khanehs the narrators of Shahnameh told about national stories with much enthusiasm. Therefore , in the course of long centuries, Qahveh khanehs took many characteristics, which are important for their extensive contact with people. In fact Qahveh khanehs of old days played the role of today mass media this role had its due rules and traditions, one of which being "Qahveh khaneh painting ". In this style of painting , one can easily detects some elements of miniature painting . As narration of stories in its climax incline towards poetry , the paintings of Qahveh khaneh sometimes tend to delicateness of miniature.
These are not many records concerning the history of this national art, because in its present form, it has been current since eighty years ago. But remaining paintings and plaster molding indicate that some kind of this art existed in 18th and 19th centuries . For example the paintings on tiles of Chehel Sotun palace in Esphahan have been worked under Shah Abbass ll and Nader, of course most of them are dramatic and they are inspired by feasts , while Qahveh khanehei painting is purely imaginary and the painter does not have any observing the present evidences he draws an imaginary picture of , day and some epical pictures which indicate the imagination and enthusiasm of painting .Qahveh khanehei painting which is called imaginary painting by many people is an art with its recognized principles . It's main feature is retaining the genuineness of portraits , in a way that even in dealing scenes of feasts or epics , the painter makes his outmost effort to paint the faces . This feature is due to the fact that " state " and " motion " are limited in this type of painting, in each painting the faces convey the subject intended by painter to onlookers . The painter of this style is an earnest narrator who consciously or unconsciously represents the protagonist or antagonists with due emotions toward them. For example in Rostam and Sohrab , Rostam's face occupies a large place in the painting and this shows the painter's love of Rostam . In a religious painting the face of enemies and vicious people areas ugly as possible. In Qahveh khanehei painting there is no limitation of subject and the painter's hands are free to draw whatever he desires due to this reason, no painting could be even considered a criterion for other works , in general or may divide the subjects into three groups : religion epic , feast and amorous paintings .